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{bio,medical} informatics

Thursday, October 31, 2002

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find related articles. powered by google. Stanford Medical Informatics Preprint Archive Knowledge-Based Bioterrorism Surveillance

"An epidemic resulting from an act of bioterrorism could be catastrophic. However, if an epidemic can be detected and characterized early on, prompt public health intervention may mitigate its impact. Current surveillance approaches do not perform well in terms of rapid epidemic detection or epidemic monitoring. One reason for this shortcoming is their failure to bring existing knowledge and data to bear on the problem in a coherent manner. Knowledge-based methods can integrate surveillance data and knowledge, and allow for careful evaluation of problem-solving methods. This paper presents an argument for knowledge-based surveillance, describes a prototype of BioSTORM, a system for real-time epidemic surveillance, and shows an initial evaluation of this system applied to a simulated epidemic from a bioterrorism attack."

redux [02.18.02]
find related articles. powered by google. Informatics Review Medical Informatics Takes Center Stage with Bush Bioterrorism Agenda

"President George W. Bush, the National Homeland Defense Secretary, Tom Ridge, and Health and Human Services Secretary, Tommy Thompson visited the University of Pittsburgh (UP) yesterday to review one of the advanced developments in medical informatics - a collaboration of the University's Center for Biomedical Informatics and Carnegie Mellon University. The project, known as the Real-Time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance system (RODS), is an early warning system for outbreaks of disease designed to obtain and analyze existing sources of data in real time."

find related articles. powered by google. RODS Laboratory Realtime Outbreak Detection System (RODS)

"The Real-time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance (RODS) system is a prototype public health surveillance system. RODS collects and analyzes relevant data automatically and in real-time, including emergency room registration data, microbiology culture results, reports of radiographs, and laboratory orders. RODS provides tools that (1) help detect the presence of a disease outbreak, and (2) support the characterization of that outbreak by a public health official. These tools include case definitions, automatic detection algorithms that can be attached to specific data streams, and data analytic tools that support temporal and spatial data analysis and visualization."

redux [06.29.01]
find related articles. powered by google. EurekAlert GIS, bioinformatics collaborations offer promising new perspectives

"The merits of linking two fields seemingly as disparate as geographic information systems (GIS) and bioinformatics might not seem obvious, but Virginia Tech's recent symposium linking the twoaeand its roster of renowned participants from both fieldsaehas raised expectations "Applications of GIS to Bioinformatics" was the first major public forum to cross-pollinate the disciplines, helping to fortify a relatively new, yet highly promising investigative area."

""As a result of new dialog between the fields, as we've had at this conference, we are gaining an important mechanistic link between individual-level processes tracked by genomics and proteomics and population-level outcomes tracked by GIS and epidemiology. This will allow us to do a far better job of monitoring, quantifying, and predicting human-health consequences associated with the environment. The potential payoff in related fields such as those looking at climate change, emerging and resurgent infectious diseases, and environmental health is enormous.""

find related articles. powered by google. Applications of GIS to Bioinformatics Symposium Proceedings

"The meeting brings together researchers in two of the most dynamic analytical technologies-GIS and bioinformatics. The value of GIS analytical systems and data structures to bioinformatics are only now being recognized. Similarly, the methodologies used in bioinformatics can inform GIS scholars of new approaches to pattern recognition and analysis. The purpose of the symposium is to explore the potentials for using GIS as an analytical methodology in bioinformatics and to understand the opportunities bioinformatics presents to the GIS research community. The symposium, the first to focus on the interface between these two research areas, will afford scholars the opportunity to establish new research directions in both fields of investigation."

[ rhetoric ]

Bioinformatics will be at the core of biology in the 21st century. In fields ranging from structural biology to genomics to biomedical imaging, ready access to data and analytical tools are fundamentally changing the way investigators in the life sciences conduct research and approach problems. Complex, computationally intensive biological problems are now being addressed and promise to significantly advance our understanding of biology and medicine. No biological discipline will be unaffected by these technological breakthroughs.


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